India Meteorological Department
was established in 1875. It is the National Meteorological Service
of the country and the principal government agency in all matters
relating to meteorology, seismology and allied subjects.
- To take meteorological observations
and to provide current and forecast meteorological information for
optimum operation of weather-sensitive activities like agriculture,
irrigation, shipping, aviation, offshore oil explorations, etc.
- To warn against severe weather
phenomena like tropical cyclones, norwesters, duststorms, heavy rains
and snow, cold and heat waves, etc., which cause destruction of life
- To provide meteorological statistics
required for agriculture, water resource management, industries, oil
exploration and other nation-building activities.
- To conduct and promote research
in meteorology and allied disciplines.
- To detect and locate earthquakes
and to evaluate seismicity in different parts of the country for development